The fistula is usually a pathway that connects the waste material to the skin and the anal region. The anus is the opening through which the human body releases out the waste material. 

Causes of Anal Fistula

The anus region of your body contains a couple of glands that produce fluid. This fluid, when not drained correctly, gets clogged or blocked. The blockage can contain bacteria that can swell up and tend to create an infection. 

If the anal fistula treatment is received at the right time, the blockage and bacteria get irresistible to drain the contents and may punch out from your skin near the anus and drains out.

Symptoms of Anal fistula

Few indications may help you analyze the condition and indicate you may need to visit a hospital.

  • Pain
  • Swelling and inflammation in the affected area
  • Redness
  • Spotting of blood
  • Painful bowel movements
  • The rise in temperature (Fever)
  • Foul odor fluid leaking from the area

Once you reach out to your doctor for fistula treatment in Coimbatore after spotting the symptoms, the doctor may recommend you undergo a few tests that can help examine the condition. In a few cases, fistula can be identified through physical examination, but analyzing requires a couple of tests. 

The basic level of diagnosis involves physical examination. The specialist may look for a fistula opening in the anal region. Once the opening is found, the opening depth is examined. For fistulas that are not visible on the outer side:

An anoscopy is a methodology wherein an exceptional instrument is utilized to see inside your butt and rectum. 

Your doctor may likewise arrange an ultrasound or MRI of the anal region to improve perspective on the fistula plot. 

Once in a while, your specialist should look at you in the working room (called a test under anesthesia) to analyze the fistula.

On the off chance that a fistula is discovered, your doctor may likewise need to do additional tests to check whether the condition is identified with Crohn’s infection, an incendiary illness of the digestive tract. Around 25% of individuals with Crohn’s infection foster fistulas. Few analyses that involve fistula are blood tests, X-rays, and colonoscopy. A colonoscopy is a technique wherein an adaptable, lit instrument is embedded into the colon using the rear-end. It is performed under anesthesia.

Treatment options for Anal Fistula

The medical procedure is quite often important to fix an anal fistula. A colon and a rectal specialist perform the fistula surgery in Coimbatore. The objective of the medical procedure is harmony between disposing of the fistula while ensuring the anal sphincter muscles, which could cause incontinence whenever harmed. 

Fistulas in which there is no little sphincter muscle included are treated with a fistulotomy. In this technique, the skin and muscle over the passage are sliced open to change it from a passage over to an open score. This permits the fistula plot to recuperate from the base up. 

  • Fistulotomy
  • Advanced flap procedure
  • Lift procedure


Medical procedure for anal fistula ordinarily takes around 60 minutes, yet an individual should invest some energy in the clinic prior and then afterward to get ready and recuperate. 

On the off chance that the fistula is little and shallow, an individual may need a nearby sedative during the method. If not, a specialist will take care of them utilizing an overall sedative. 

During the fistulotomy, the specialist will make an entry point to open up the fistula.

Septon Placement: For treating an anal fistula, the procedure takes around an hour, though this time relies on the complexity of the fistula. During this procedure, the person will be given anesthesia.

After the surgeon has inserted the septon in the fistula, the surgeon places a lightly padded bandage for safety.

The surgery is usually done as an outpatient procedure without many complications and the patient can go home the same day.

Usually, medical procedures often perform Septon placement surgery in different stages, so a person may require further series of best treatment for fistula to insert or replace the septon.

After the surgery, the fistula might take a few weeks to drain. Another treatment for Crohn’s illness fistulas is to infuse undifferentiated cells into the fistula. Your colorectal specialist will examine every one of your alternatives before the medical procedure. 

Fistula medical procedure is generally done on an outpatient premise, which implies that the patient can return home that day. Patients who have exceptionally enormous or profound fistula passages might need to remain in the emergency clinic for a brief time frame after the medical procedure. A few fistulas might require a few tasks to dispose of fistula.

Like almost all the other medical procedures, even the medical procedure for fistula has various side effects and risks. 

Risks involved in the procedure

  • No control over bowel movements
  • Comparatively longer time for healing
  • Recurring fistula
  • The anal canal narrows, which makes bowel movements painful

Side effects of the medical procedure

  • Cramping
  • Nausea
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea 
  • Soreness around the affected area

People who are affected by fistula can be a little difficult. However, with so many careful treatment choices accessible, living with a fistula is infrequently long-lasting. 

The most common way of diagnosing, treating, and recuperating from a fistula can be slow and baffling. In any case, there is a ton of help accessible for anybody going through this experience. 

Anybody with a fistula should talk with a specialist or medical services group about the best course of therapy.